Lab: HTTP/2 request splitting via CRLF injection
This lab is vulnerable to request smuggling because the front-end server downgrades HTTP/2 requests and fails to adequately sanitize incoming headers.
To solve the lab, delete the user
carlos by using response queue poisoning to break into the admin panel at
/admin. An admin user will log in approximately every 10 seconds.
The connection to the back-end is reset every 10 requests, so don't worry if you get it into a bad state - just send a few normal requests to get a fresh connection.
To inject newlines into HTTP/2 headers, use the Inspector to drill down into the header, then press the
Shift + Return keys. Note that this feature is not available when you double-click on the header.
Send a request for
GET /to Burp Repeater. Expand the Inspector's Request Attributes section and make sure the protocol is set to HTTP/2.
Change the path of the request to a non-existent endpoint, such as
/x. This means that your request will always get a 404 response. Once you have poisoned the response queue, this will make it easier to recognize any other users' responses that you have successfully captured.
Using the Inspector, append an arbitrary header to the end of the request. In the header value, inject
\r\nsequences to split the request so that you're smuggling another request to a non-existent endpoint as follows:
bar\r\n \r\n GET /x HTTP/1.1\r\n Host: YOUR-LAB-ID.web-security-academy.net
Send the request. When the front-end server appends
\r\n\r\nto the end of the headers during downgrading, this effectively converts the smuggled prefix into a complete request, poisoning the response queue.
Wait for around 5 seconds, then send the request again to fetch an arbitrary response. Most of the time, you will receive your own 404 response. Any other response code indicates that you have successfully captured a response intended for the admin user. Repeat this process until you capture a 302 response containing the admin's new post-login session cookie.
If you receive some 200 responses but can't capture a 302 response even after a lot of attempts, send 10 ordinary requests to reset the connection and try again.
Copy the session cookie and use it to send the following request:
GET /admin HTTP/2 Host: YOUR-LAB-ID.web-security-academy.net Cookie: session=STOLEN-SESSION-COOKIE
Send the request repeatedly until you receive a 200 response containing the admin panel.
In the response, find the URL for deleting Carlos (
/admin/delete?username=carlos), then update the path in your request accordingly. Send the request to delete Carlos and solve the lab.