URL-matching rules are used in various locations within Burp, to define URL-based scoping for various functions, such as general Target scope, the scope of individual functions like live scanning, URLs returning streaming responses, and the scope of session handling rules .
Each URL-matching rule can specify various features of the URLs that will be matched. For a URL to match the rule, it must match all of the features that are specified by the rule. The following items can be configured:
- Protocol - This specifies the protocol(s) that the rule will match. Available options are: HTTP, HTTPS, or any.
- Host or IP range - This specifies the host(s) that the rule will match. You can enter a regular expression to match the hostname, or an IP range in various standard formats, for example 10.1.1.1/24 or 10.1.1-20.1-127. If the host field is left blank, then the rule can match URLs containing any host.
- Port - This specifies the port(s) that the rule will match. You can enter a regular expression to match one or more port numbers. If the port field is left blank, then the rule can match URLs containing any port.
- File - This specifies the file portion of the URL that the rule will match (ignoring any query string). You can enter a regular expression to match the required range of URL files. If the file field is left blank, then the rule can match URLs containing any file.
Often, the easiest way to create a URL-matching rule is to copy the relevant URL to the clipboard from elsewhere (either your browser or from a request within Burp), and click the "Paste URL" button on the URL-matching rule dialog. This will create a rule that matches this URL, and also any others that have this URL as a prefix (Burp places a wildcard at the end of the file expression). You can then manually edit the rule if required, to fine-tune the URLs that are matched.
You can also use the "Load ..." button to load a list of items from a text file. Each item in list should be either a URL or a hostname, and Burp will create an appropriate rule for each item.